Foot and Ankle Conditions

Ankle Sprains and Strains. Sprains affect the ligaments, which connect bones. Strains affect the tendons which connect muscle to bone. Both usually respond well to conservative treatment, such as rest, icing, compression, and physiotherapy.

Ankle Fractures are a break in any of the bones in the ankle. They can usually be treated with conservative measures such as casting and physiotherapy. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary.

Ankle Arthritis can affect a number of joints in the foot, causing swelling and pain.

Bunions are is bony protrusions on the outside of the big toe. They are usually be managed with lifestyle changes and physiotherapy, however more severe cases can be treated with a short surgical procedure.

Hammertoe occurs when the second, third, or fourth toe is bent to the side at the middle joint, often a result of restrictive shoes. This causes pain when moving the affected toe.

Plantar Fasciitis is irritated and inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel bone to the base of the toes. Plantar fasciitis causes heel pain.

Foot Fractures. There are many bones in the foot. Fractures can usually be treated with conservative measures such as a cast and physiotherapy, but can be treated surgically if necessary.

Morton’s Neuroma. Neuromas are thickenings of nerves, and can cause discomfort or pain. Morton’s Neuroma forms at the ball of the foot, and symptoms include pain, numbness, or burning.

Treatment is varied, and dependent on the severity of the condition.



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