About Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
Many knee injuries can be treated with arthroscopy, a minimally invasive procedure performed by inserting a small telescope through a tiny incision and operating on the knee with micro-instruments through another keyhole incision. This approach results in minimal trauma to surrounding tissues, leading to a quicker recovery time and lower risk of complications.
Who needs arthroscopic knee surgery?
Patients with meninscal tears, ACL tears, loose bodies or fragments in the knee, cartilage lining damage, or most other types of intra-articular damage are potential candidates for knee arthroscopy.
How is arthroscopic knee surgery performed?
Arthroscopic knee surgery begins with two small incisions (less than a centimetre) at the front of the knee. The orthopaedic surgeon will then insert a small telescope through one of these incisions, and small surgical instruments through the other. Once the damaged structure is repaired, the incisions are closed with absorbable sutures and dressings applied.
Arthroscopy is designed to simplify and shorten the recovery period following surgery, and for the next few days patients are advised to rest, ice, compress, and elevate the knee as required, to reduce pain and swelling. Most patients can walk out the same day without restrictions and can begin physical therapy immediately. Patients generally resume fairly normal activities within a week or two of surgery, however more complex procedures will require a longer healing period. Athletes will likely require several weeks of additional recovery time before returning to their usual sport.